More Information on Emissions from Gas Powered Leaf Blowers

Tsai, J.H., Chen, Y.R., Chen, S.J., Lin, S.L., Huang, K.L., Lin, C.C. and Chiu, J.Y. (2020). Characteristics of Emissions from a Portable Two-stroke Gasoline Engine. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 20: 630-642. link here

Maddineni, Yashwanth Chowdary, "Investigation of Particulate Matter Size, Concentration and Mass Emissions from Small Handheld 2-Stroke Spark Ignition Engines" (2016). Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports. 6135. [for MS in Mechanical Engineering]

Banks, J.L. and McConnell, R. (2015). National emissions from lawn and garden equipment. Presented at the International Emissions Inventory Conference, San Diego, April 16. pdf here

Shipchandler, R. (2008). VOC emissions from gas powered leaf blowers in the Chicago metropolitan region. Waste Management and Research Center Report. Illinois Waste Management and Research Center, TN08-093.

John Volckens, David A. Olson, Michael D. Hays. Carbonaceous species emitted from handheld two-stroke engines. US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, Atmospheric Environment 42 (2008) 1239–1248

Gabele, P A. Characterization of Emissions from Hand-Held Two-Stroke Engines. Presented at 93rd Annual AWMA Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, June 18-22, 2000.

California Air Resources Board, Small Engine Fact Sheet here

Health Impacts from Gas Powered Leaf Blowers


Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Too Loud! For Too Long! Loud noises damage hearing
Link here

How to “Look” at Noise Chart
Link here

Policy of the Massachusetts Medical Society concerning Gas Powered Leaf Blowers pdf here

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: How Do We Protect Our Ears?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration: Occupational Noise Exposure

Environmental Noise Pollution in the United States: Developing an Effective Public Health Response

Noise as a Public Health Hazard Link here


Exposure and Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (pdf)

Particulate Matter Exposure and Preterm Birth

Integrated Science Assessment for Particulate Matter

Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease

American Cancer Society, Benzene and Cancer Risk
Link here

A good resource

It presents the noise, toxic pollution and health impacts in a concise way, with numerous supporting links.

Links to Additional Information


The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) recommendation for noise

CDC Fact Sheet on Causes of Hearing Loss


Leaf Blowers in Washington, DC - A Fact Sheet

Quiet Clean Washington, DC - GPLB Health Issues

Cost of Electric Leaf Blowers

Transitioning to Battery Electric Landscaping Equipment - Town of Lexington with AGZA

Best Commercial Leaf Blowers

Consumer Reports Leaf Blower Overview and Recommendations

Reconsidering Landscape Practices

Leave Leaves Alone

Information on mulching leaves for homeowners and landscapers

Leave the Leaves

The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation explains why leaving the leaves is important for supporting pollinators,

which, in turn, support birds and wildlife.

List of Landscapers who don’t use gas-powered leaf blowers

Local landscapers who are using electric equipment.

See our handout here

Garden behind Town Hall

Spy Pond